Who Is Joanna Baillie – The Scottish Poet, Dramatist, And Playwright

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Joanna Baillie was a Scottish poet, playwright, and author who came to be accepted for her works including her famous Plays on the Passions which was a affected sequence. Added than 250 years afterwards her death, Joanna’s writings which mostly centered on women, moral philosophy, and the Gothic, still abide actual accordant globally. In 2018, her altogether was actual by Google with a Google Doodle.

Who Is Joanna Baillie? 

It was on September 11, 1762, that Joanna Baillie was built-in as a accompanying by Dorothea Hunter, with Rev. James Baillie as her father. Unfortunately, she absent her accompanying sister who was again still unnamed. She grew up in a ancestors that was awful accomplished with a ancestor who was a Presbyterian minister who after became a assistant of Divinity.

From her mother’s ancillary of the family, she had William Hunter and John Hunter who were abundant physicians and anatomists as uncles and the poet, Anne Home Hunter was her aunt. In fact, Anne would be a abundant afflatus for Joanna as she grew up.

Even with the affectionate of home she came from, she did not apprentice to apprehend or address until the age of 10 back she abounding a Glasgow boarding-school. While she was there, she had an absorption in arts, plays, and maths.

Looking at her ancestors life, she was the youngest of three siblings, she absent her ancestor in 1778, a tragedy that saw the family’s banking accompaniment dwindle, banishment it to move to Continued Calderwood afore abiding a few years afterwards after the afterlife of William Hunter.

Much later, however, she begin herself, her mother, and sisters affective from abode to abode afore they assuredly acclimatized in Colchester. It was actuality that she began what would end amid her best accepted works, Plays on the Passions.

Facts about the Poet, Dramatist, and Playwright

As acicular out, what would become her aboriginal and above access to acceptable a artist and author was her aunt, Anne Home Hunter, a acclaimed poet.

Thanks to this, Joanna Baillie abiding her absorption in the art and in 1790, she appear her aboriginal work, Poems: Wherein it is Attempted to Call Assertive Angle of Attributes and of Rustic Manners. The assignment was after revised and reprinted in 1840 as allotment of her Fugitive Verses. In 1821, she appear Metrical Legends of Astral Characters followed by  Dramatic Balladry which was a 3-volume assignment in 1836.

In 1840, she was encouraged by her friend, Samuel Rogers who was additionally a artist into publishing Fugitive Verses. Finally, she appear Ahalya Baee in 1849, but it was alone for clandestine apportionment and so it was afresh appear in 1904 as Allahabad.

Where she will alike be added accepted was with her plays, the aboriginal of which was a 1790 work, Arnold which never got to be published. Accepting conceived the abstraction of Plays on the Passions in 1791, it got to see the ablaze of the day in 1798 aback the aboriginal aggregate was published. From again on, she kept autograph until her afterlife on 23 February 1851 at the age of 88 in Hampstead. That said, her years of autograph was disconnected aback she was in her seventies afterward an ill-health that she suffered, but aback she was aback to health, she continued.

With all that Joanna Baillie had accomplished through her writing, she appear that she had no absorption in publishing any of her works but for the alignment of her brother. Because that she grew up in a religious home, she additionally had a religious work, The Agonize which was appear in 1826.


Before her death, one of her greatest worries was to accept all her books calm as a distinct aggregate which she referred to as the ‘great monster book’. To her delight, it came into fruition in 1851, aloof anon afore her death.

A Google Blow was appear for her by Google on 11 September 2018 in celebration of what was declared to be her 256th birthday. This is not hasty because the actuality that she’s acclaimed amid the best Scottish writers. Writers such as William Wordsworth, Maria Edgeworth, John Stuart Mill, and abounding others.

Apart from her writing, Joanna Baillie was additionally complex in altered added things including altruistic activities. She was said to accept donated as abundant as bisected of the balance she fabricated from her works as a biographer to charity, while at the aforementioned time actuality complex in a acceptable cardinal of added altruistic works.

Additionally Read: Top 10 Richest Bodies in the apple with abounding adventures and details.